Can Potting Soil Expire? How Long Is It Good For?

So, your pot plants are gorgeous one day, and then they suddenly look like they are struggling the next day. You have given them the right amount of water and sunlight, so what is going on? They do not have bugs, fungus, or bacteria, so that just leaves… the soil.

But can your potting soil expire? And if so, how long does it stay nutritious?

The answer is yes and no, potting soil does not expire, but it’s quality does degrade over time. It can spoil if it gets a fungal or bacterial infection. It can be good for 2 years if it gets appropriate care by adding nutrients.

I am going to tell you about the details of healthy potting soil, proper storing, and the ins and outs to extend its lifespan.

Amaryllis plant in pot inside greenhouse
Healthy Soil Will Result in Happy Plants as My Amaryllis is Demonstrating

Check Your Soil Regularly

You can buy test kits to check the nutritional value of your soil. These are great, but in my mind, they are not critical. If you use your nose and eyes, you will see if your potting soil is usable.

garden soil inside bag full of potting soil
Healthy Potting Soil is Light, Dry, and Powdery

Smell the soil. If it has a bad smell, like rotting eggs, it is well and truly expired. Having just dumped a pot of old soil out of a pot, I cannot even begin to describe the smell. You will know it when you smell it.

If the soil is compact and forms compact lumps, it is past its value to the plants in it.

old lumpy potting soil
This is Old, Used Potting Soil that Has Formed a Dense Lump

If it has bugs in it, it will have lost most of its nutritional value as the bugs will have eaten the important nutrients for breakfast, lunch, and supper.

old soil close-up
Old Soil is Dense, and Does Not Look Soft and Fluffy

If it is moldy, it is definitely NOT usable! Mold indicates the presence of fungal spores.

old potting soil vs new
On the Left is Old, Used Potting Soil; You Can See It Looks Depleted, it is Dark Colored Compared to the Fresh Potting Soil on the Right

What’s Inside Potting Soil

Potting soil is a combination of perlite, coarse sand, bark, sphagnum, vermiculite, and lime. All of which are essential for good nutrition, drainage, and aeration.

There are recipes to make your own potting soil based on where you are going to put your pot plants and what you are planting.

Potting Soil is 100% Organic; the Main Ingredient is Bark Which is Essential for Drainage of Your Plants

Store Your Potting Soil Properly

Store your unopened potting soil in its original bag in a dark, dry spot.

Your potting soil needs to be dry to last long. If you have any carry all containers that are opaque, place the potting soil, in its original packaging, in the carry all in a dark, dry area. Make sure the carry all is air and watertight.

If you are storing soil from an open packet, spread it on a tarp in the sun to dry and then store it in a carry all.

Refresh Your Potting Soil to Reuse it

Potting soil can be reused if it had a healthy plant in it and is still nutrient rich. Dry it out properly if you are storing it over the winter and get a booster from your local nursery to mix in before use.

Make sure there are no bugs, fungus, or bacteria in the soil. Follow your nose! If it stinks, do not use it.


Transplanting Pot Plants into Fresh Potting Soil

If you see your pot plant is struggling, or you just need to repot it into a larger pot, remove it from the pot it is in by gently shaking the pot to loosen the plant to slide it out of the current pot.

Gently loosen the roots and shake out as much of the old potting soil as possible off of the roots before re-potting your plant.

Extend the Lifespan of Your Potting Soil

If your potting soil still is dry, bug free, fungus free, and healthy, but your plants are not thriving, you can refresh the soil by:

  • Adding pot plant steroids
  • Add coconut husk
  • Add pre-soaked coir

What to do with Old Potting Soil

If your potting soil needs to be replaced, do not simply throw the old soil away.

Rather, add the soil to your compost heap, or use it as topsoil for your lawn, or – if it is bug- and fungus-free – top up other pot plants.


When potting your plants, lay out a plastic bag or tarp under the bag and where the pot is. Catch any soil that falls off your trowel. Potting soil is very dry and powdery, moving it always is messy. Scoop up the soil from the plastic to use.

potting soil on plastic tarp
Work on a Plastic Tarp to Minimize Wastage

Keep your pots elevated so that water can drain out properly. Lift them off the ground by standing the pots on bricks. Improper drainage can cause root rot and provide the ideal breeding ground for fungus, pathogens, bacteria, and bugs.

Do not over water your pot plants; plants do not need as much water as one would think. Too much water is not good for your plants.

Place your pot plants in the right spot. I cannot stress this enough. You can buy the best potting soil, but if your plants do not have the correct amount of light, they will not do well.

Mix in a small amount of compost or fertilizer as potting soil is actually soilless and therefore does not provide nutrients for the plant.


Is there a difference between potting soil and potting mix?

Yes, there is a difference. Depending on the manufacturers, potting soil may have soil in it, potting mix has no soil in it making it safer for plants as it does not contain pathogens.

What potting soil is best?

Potting soil should have pine bark, peatmoss, vermiculite, or perlite in it. It should be very powdery to give good drainage.

Can I use garden soil to pot plants?

You can use garden soil to pot plants; however, it is not an ideal choice. Potting soil provides drainage, aeration, nutrients, and moisture control for your potted plants. You will need to add nutrients and maintain the soil carefully and you will also have to have very good drainage.

What can I do with old potting soil?

Old potting soil is great topsoil for your lawn. You can also mix old potting soil with new soil – if it is still healthy – to make your soil go further.


Potting plants is a great way to brighten up your garden. People talk about functional gardens that are either for vegetables or for flowers.

The truth is, if you want to grow vegetables, or if you want your flowers to grow beautifully, you need pollinators! Bring in loads of beautiful colors to attract bees and butterflies.

Planting plants in pots is also very sensible way to garden if you have extreme weather. They can be taken indoors in winter – mine go into my greenhouse in winter – to protect them from frost or snow.

If you ensure your pot plants have good drainage, your potting soil can last 2 years or more. If you are investing in pots and in plants, remember that the quality of your soil is going to be the key to join the pot and plant together to give you beautiful flowers.

potting soil expiration pin

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